Anemia Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment in Dallas is a condition whereby the blood lacks enough healthy red blood cells to carry adequate amounts of oxygen to the tissues in the body.
The body makes three types of blood cells known as white blood cells, platelets, and red blood cells. The white blood cells fight infection; platelets help blood to clot, while the red blood cells carry oxygen all over the body.
The red blood cells contain hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is an iron-rich protein that provides blood with its red color. The hemoglobin enables the red blood cells to carry oxygen from the lungs to the other parts of the body. The hemoglobin also carries carbon dioxide from the other parts of the body to the lungs.
Lack of red blood cells or dysfunctional red blood cells in the body can reduce the amount of oxygen flowing into the body’s organs.
There are different types of anemia such as:
Anemia can be temporary or long term and can range from mild to severe.
Depending on the cause, the symptoms of anemia can vary. Some people that have anemia may not know due to lack of early symptoms.
Signs and symptoms of anemia include:
Factors that increase the risk of anemia include:
Lack of iron, vitamin B-12, and folate acid increase the risk of anemia.
Certain chronic medical conditions such as cancer, kidney failure, diabetes, or other chronic diseases can lead to a shortage of red blood cells.
People with a family history of anemia, such as sickle cell anemia are at higher risk of anemia.
Having an intestinal disorder that affects the absorption of nutrients in the small intestine can increase the risk of anemia.
Menstruation causes the loss of red blood cells in women that are menstruating.
Women that are pregnant and aren’t taking multivitamins with folic acid and iron are at increased risk of anemia.
People that are over the age of 65 are at increased risk of anemia.
People with a history of certain infections, blood diseases, and autoimmune disorders are at increased risk of anemia.
Exposure to certain toxic chemicals can increase the risk of anemia.
Taking certain medications can affect the production of red blood cells.
The treatment options for anemia depend on the cause of the anemia and type of anemia.
Treatment for iron deficiency anemia usually involves taking iron supplements and diets that contain iron.
Treatment for folic acid and vitamin C deficiency anemia involves taking dietary supplements and eating more diets that contain folic acid and vitamin C.
Treatment for sickle cell anemia may include oxygen, pain relievers, and oral and intravenous fluids. Blood transfusions, folic acid supplements and antibiotics may also be used to treat sickle cell anemia.
Treating the underlying disease causing the anemia can help. A blood transfusion or injections of a synthetic hormone known as erythropoietin may help facilitate the production of red blood cells.
Severe forms of thalassemia generally require different treatment options such as blood transfusions, folic acid supplements, medication, removal of the spleen, or a blood and bone marrow stem cell transplant.
Treatment for aplastic anemia can include blood transfusions or bone marrow transplants.
Treatment for hemolytic anemia can include treating underlying infections and taking drugs that suppress your immune system.
There are three main ways a person can become anemic. These include blood loss, a reduction in the body’s ability to produce new red blood cells, or an illness, disease, or condition that leads to increased destruction of red blood cells.